Health talk: What is Tonsillitis?
Tonsillitis is the inflammation of the two oval-shaped pads of tissues at the back of the throat. Simply, the inflammation of the tonsils. This is usually caused by a viral infection (common cold) but can also be from a bacteria.
WHAT ARE TONSILS?
Tonsils are the two lymph node located on each side at the back of the throat. They serve as defense mechanisms and help prevent the body from infection by oral ingestion.
This infection is classified into two types depending on the symptoms and re-occurrence rate during a short period of time.
TYPES OF TONSILLITIS.
- ACUTE TONSILLITIS: Tonsillitis is said to be acute if symptoms persist for more than ten days. Symptoms of this category are usually treated with home remedies; use of lozenges, salt water gargle, tea with honey, use of antibiotics and analgesics, etc.
- CHRONIC TONSILLITIS: This occurs when symptoms re-occur severally during the month/year. This produces tonsil stones — A condition where materials like dead cells, saliva, and food build up in crevices of your tonsils. This is also referred to as re-current tonsillitis. The approved method of treatment of this type is TONSILLECTOMY. Tonsillectomy is the surgical removal of affected tonsils.
CAUSES AND SPREAD TONSILLITIS.
Tonsillitis is caused by a micro-organism called streptococcal bacteria , which causes strep throat that leads to serious complications if not properly treated. It can be spread by air-borne respiratory droplets (coughs and sneezes) and saliva (shared cutlery, drinks or kissing) and often requires a lab test/ imaging/medical diagnosis to know the causative micro-organism.
SYMPTOMS AND OCCURRENCE.
Symptoms include: sore throat, difficulty in swallowing and swollen nymph nodes, fever, bad breath, chills, ear ache, stomach ache, headache, stiff neck, tonsils with white or yellow spots, increased irritability, poor appetite and drooling in toddlers. Most symptoms should be cured within the first seven to ten days but visit a physician if symptoms persist after ten days. It is a very common case in the world with more than one hundred thousand cases per year per country. This occurs at any age; it is a common childhood illness of kids from preschool age through their teens.
This can be in three distinct ways.
- Home remedy.
a) Tea with honey.
b) Salt water gargle.
c) Throat lozenge, etc.
c) Non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, etc.
3. Surgery — Tonsillectomy.